Quercus illicifolia (scrub oak) is native to the northeastern and southeastern United States and Canada, respectively. It grows up to 7 meters tall. Its inner pinkish bark is striking. The leaves take on a yellow or reddish-brown color in the fall. The length of the leaves is between 5 and 12 cm. The acorns are roundish and very small (about 1 cm).
The annual growth of Quercus illicifolia is very low. This species likes sandy or stony soils. Originally it is often found in the mountains. In its native habitat, this species is a helpful component of the autumn diet of black bears. The Iroquois use the acorns for gynecological problems.