Castanea sativa is a classic winner of the climate crisis. A positive future is predicted for the sweet chestnut. It is the only European representative of the chestnut genus.
It is cultivated in southern and western Europe in particular for its edible fruit and wood. The fruits are also known as chestnuts. They have a high proportion of carbohydrates and starch. The protein content is higher than in cereals but lower than in potatoes.
Castanea sativa grows up to 35 meters high. The trunk circumference can be up to 4 meters. In Western Europe, sweet chestnuts can live for up to 1000 years.
The sweet chestnut is classically found in western France, southern Italy and Spain, but also in Ireland and Great Britain.